In this video segment, learn about Benjamin “Pap” Singleton, a former slave who in 1874 led a group of 300 African Americans--the first of many groups--out of the South to the state of Kansas in search of a better life. Singleton began his call for an exodus that year and in a few years time, migrating blacks built over 20 towns. Singleton and many of his followers found the civil and economic independence they were looking for in Kansas. But for many freedmen, the trip itself was too arduous and numerous individuals lost their lives along the journey.
Learn more about The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow.